Rebel Category: REBEL EM

TAME Trial: Mild Hypercapnia vs Normocapnia in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Background Information: Cardiac arrest is a devastating event that imposes considerable human and financial burdens. While it is widely recognized that cardiac arrest leads to brain injury, what is often overlooked is the persistent cerebral hypoperfusion that continues even after …

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Rosh Review EM Scholar Monthly Question

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AID-ICU Trial: Haloperidol for Treatment of ICU Delirium

Background Information: Delirium is a common and serious condition in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). It is estimated to affect 30-50% of patients in the ICU and haloperidol is the most frequently used agent in treatment (3).  One …

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The PALACE Trial: Direct Oral PCN Challenge in Patients with Low-Risk PCN Allergy?

Background: Many patients report a vague history of penicillin allergy. The vast majority of these self-reported allergies are untrue (< 5%) .  Literature including patients with penicillin allergies also show longer, more complicated hospital courses. Standard practice for identifying errant allergy …

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Allergy and Immunology

The ARAMIS Trial: DAPT vs Alteplase in Minor Nondisabling Acute Ischemic Stroke

Background: Current stroke guidelines recommend IV alteplase for patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting within 4.5hrs of symptom onset based on the NINDS and ECASS III publications. Both NINDS and ECASS III excluded patients with mild stroke symptoms but failed …

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