Rebel Category: REBEL EM

Clinical Conundrum: Does IM Ketorolac Provide Superior Pain Relief to PO Ibuprofen?

Clinical Scenario: A 34-year-old woman presents to the ED with back pain. After your history and physical, you conclude that the patient’s pain is muscular in origin and likely secondary to heavy lifting while moving apartments. You contemplate analgesic options …

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TAME Trial: Mild Hypercapnia vs Normocapnia in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Background Information: Cardiac arrest is a devastating event that imposes considerable human and financial burdens. While it is widely recognized that cardiac arrest leads to brain injury, what is often overlooked is the persistent cerebral hypoperfusion that continues even after …

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Rosh Review EM Scholar Monthly Question

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AID-ICU Trial: Haloperidol for Treatment of ICU Delirium

Background Information: Delirium is a common and serious condition in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). It is estimated to affect 30-50% of patients in the ICU and haloperidol is the most frequently used agent in treatment (3).  One …

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The PALACE Trial: Direct Oral PCN Challenge in Patients with Low-Risk PCN Allergy?

Background: Many patients report a vague history of penicillin allergy. The vast majority of these self-reported allergies are untrue (< 5%) .  Literature including patients with penicillin allergies also show longer, more complicated hospital courses. Standard practice for identifying errant allergy …

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Allergy and Immunology