Rebel Category: REBEL EM

7d vs 14d of Antibiotics in Afebrile Men with UTI

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common reasons for anti-microbial use (Tan, 2016). However, the optimal treatment duration for UTI in men is not well studied, and current practice guidelines are based on historical dogma. One …

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Infectious Disease

REBEL Cast Ep113: Defibrillation Strategies for Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation

Background Information:  Double external defibrillation (DED) is an intervention often used to treat refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF). This procedure involves applying another set of pads attached to a second defibrillator to a patient and shocking them in hopes of terminating …

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CardiovascularProcedures and SkillsResuscitation

Short Course Antibiotics for Peds CAP: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background: There is a shifting paradigm with persuasive evidence favoring a shorter duration of antibiotics for outpatient management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. The SAFER and CAP-IT trials found that short-course antibiotic therapy was not inferior to standard duration …

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Infectious DiseasePediatrics

Pigtail Catheter vs Large Bore Chest Tube for Pneumothorax

Background: Pneumothorax management is a common clinical condition in the emergency department (ED) occurring in patients of varying ages and caused by multiple etiologies, including spontaneous, traumatic, and iatrogenic pneumothorax. Regardless of the cause, a thoracostomy is often required for …

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Thoracic and Respiratory

Etomidate Vs. Ketamine: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background: Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) induction agent selection remains a heavily debated matter. Etomidate causes adrenal suppression in critically ill patients triggering a groundswell of support in favor of ketamine. (Albert 2011, Jabre 2009) However, the existing literature comparing etomidate …

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