Medical Category: Trauma

Should We Be Switching to Whole Blood Instead of Component Therapy in Hemorrhagic Shock?

Background: Hemorrhage remains as one of the biggest causes of death in trauma patients. Strategies such as permissive hypotension, massive transfusion protocols, avoidance of crystalloids, TXA, and definitive hemorrhage control help decrease mortality in these patients. Empiric component blood transfusion …

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Hematology and OncologyTrauma

Sub-Dissociative IV vs Nebulized Ketamine to Treat Pain

Background: IV subdissociative ketamine at a dose of 0.1 to 0.3mg/kg is increasingly being used as an opioid sparing option for short-term acute pain relief. Alternatively, nebulized ketamine can be used for this indication and may have a benefit as …

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OrthopedicsPediatricsProcedures and SkillsTrauma

Let’s Get Salty: Hypertonic 3% Saline Through Peripheral IVs in Adult Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

Background: Elevated intracranial pressure in patients with acute brain injury is a neurologic emergency requiring early recognition and early aggressive treatment to prevent progression to cerebral ischemia, brain herniation, and ultimately death.  There are two primary options for treatment in …

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Rosh Review MyEMCert Question

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Renal and GenitourinaryTrauma

Don’t Believe the Headline: Ultrasound vs CXR in Traumatic Pneumothorax Diagnosis

Background:           The use of ultrasound is well established for trauma patients in the emergency department, with almost every patient receiving a FAST (Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma) examination as part of the “ABC’s” of trauma. Though the initial …

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