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All Categories
  • All Categories
  • Abdominal and Gastroinstestinal
  • Allergy and Immunology
  • Cardiovascular
  • Dermatology
  • Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes
  • Environmental
  • Ethical and Legal
  • Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat
  • Hematology and Oncology
  • Infectious Disease
  • Neurology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Orthopedics
  • Pediatrics
  • Procedures and Skills
  • Pyschobehavioral
  • Renal and Genitourinary
  • Resuscitation
  • Thoracic and Respiratory
  • Toxicology
  • Trauma

Intra-articular Lidocaine vs Procedural Sedation and Analgesia for Closed Reduction of Acute Anterior Shoulder Dislocation

Background: Many clinicians have transitioned from procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) in favor of intra-articular lidocaine (IAL) to manage anterior shoulder dislocation. PSA, also referred to as intravenous sedation in this paper, requires considerable resources, including 1:1 nursing observation, and …

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OrthopedicsProcedures and Skills

REBEL Core Cast 94.0 – SBO

Take Home Points SBO should be considered in all patients presenting with abdominal pain particularly if they have a prior abdominal surgical history Patients with SBO often have non-specific signs and symptoms. There is no history or physical exam feature …

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Abdominal and Gastroinstestinal

Cetirizine Vs Diphenhydramine For the Treatment of Acute Urticaria in the ED

Background: Diphenhydramine, a first-generation antihistamine, is the most common pharmacologic agent used to treat acute allergic reactions. Despite being highly effective in treating acute allergic reactions, first-generation H1 antihistamines cross the blood-brain barrier and bind to H1 receptors, which can …

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Allergy and Immunology

The RAMPP Trial: Randomised Ambulatory Management of Primary Pneumothorax

Background: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax, by definition, occurs without trauma or any underlying lung pathology. Often patients are otherwise young and healthy. However, management continues to be debated and may lead to unnecessary hospitalization. Previous studies regarding ambulatory management included randomized …

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Thoracic and Respiratory

REBEL Core Cast 93.0 – Lithium Toxicity

Take Home Points Lithium toxicity comes in a three flavors: acute, chronic and acute on chronic. Each form will have a different presentation as well as management. Lithium levels are often unreliable in terms of guiding management and must be …

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Toxicology

7d vs 14d of Antibiotics in Afebrile Men with UTI

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common reasons for anti-microbial use (Tan, 2016). However, the optimal treatment duration for UTI in men is not well studied, and current practice guidelines are based on historical dogma. One …

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Infectious Disease

Defibrillation Strategies for Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation

Background Information:  Double external defibrillation (DED) is an intervention often used to treat refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF). This procedure involves applying another set of pads attached to a second defibrillator to a patient and shocking them in hopes of terminating …

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CardiovascularProcedures and SkillsResuscitation

REBEL Core Cast 92.0 – Perichondritis

Take Home Points Perichondritis is an infection of the cartilage and connective tissue of the ear Perichondritis can be recognized clinically by erythema, swelling and tenderness of the auricle. The most common organism in perichondritis is P. aeruginosa and antibiotics …

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Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat

Short Course Antibiotics for Peds CAP: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background: There is a shifting paradigm with persuasive evidence favoring a shorter duration of antibiotics for outpatient management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. The SAFER and CAP-IT trials found that short-course antibiotic therapy was not inferior to standard duration …

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Infectious DiseasePediatrics

Pigtail Catheter vs Large Bore Chest Tube for Pneumothorax

Background: Pneumothorax management is a common clinical condition in the emergency department (ED) occurring in patients of varying ages and caused by multiple etiologies, including spontaneous, traumatic, and iatrogenic pneumothorax. Regardless of the cause, a thoracostomy is often required for …

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Thoracic and Respiratory

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