Archive

Author: Mark Ramzy

TTM2: Hypothermia vs Normothermia for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Background Information: Hypothermia was first introduced in 2002 by two studies, Bernard et al and The Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest (HACA) trial.1,2 The latter, although a small trial, showed improved neurologic outcomes at six months when patients were cooled to …

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CardiovascularNeurologyResuscitation

External Validation of the Canadian Syncope Risk Score

Background Information: The Canadian Syncope Risk Score (CSRS) is one of several clinical decision tools used in the emergency department (ED) following a syncopal episode. (Figure 1) It was derived from one of the largest datasets currently available and its …

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Cardiovascular

Dexamethasone vs Methylprednisolone in ICU Patients with COVID19

Background Information: Over one year into the pandemic many therapies to treat COVID-19 have targeted innumerable aspects of the virus. Most recently, the use of corticosteroids to treat the virus’ excessive inflammatory effects has become the front and center of …

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and ElectrolytesInfectious DiseaseThoracic and Respiratory

GLUCOCOVID: A Controlled Trial of Methylprednisolone in COVID-19 Pneumonia

Background Information: The use of corticosteroids in patients with pneumonia secondary to COVID-19 has been a controversially hot topic, particularly early on in the pandemic. Prior evidence seen in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome have …

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Infectious DiseaseThoracic and Respiratory

Systemic Review and Meta Analysis on Topical Pain Control in Corneal Abrasions

 Background Information: Corneal abrasions are responsible for the largest proportion of eye-related chief complaints in patients presenting to emergency departments in the United States. There is substantial variability in physician practice when it comes to pain control. Ophthalmology literature has …

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Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat

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