Medical Category: Resuscitation

Defibrillation Strategies for Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation

Background Information:  Double external defibrillation (DED) is an intervention often used to treat refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF). This procedure involves applying another set of pads attached to a second defibrillator to a patient and shocking them in hopes of terminating …

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CardiovascularProcedures and SkillsResuscitation

Etomidate Vs. Ketamine: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background: Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) induction agent selection remains a heavily debated matter. Etomidate causes adrenal suppression in critically ill patients triggering a groundswell of support in favor of ketamine. (Albert 2011, Jabre 2009) However, the existing literature comparing etomidate …

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The LOVIT Trial: Orange Crushed

Background: Vitamin C dissociates to ascorbate at physiological pH and is not organically synthesized by the human body. Vitamin C can function as an antioxidant and may mitigate endothelial oxidative stress in sepsis. (Amrein 2018) A small, single-center, before-and-after study …

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Heads Up! There is No Association with Improved Outcomes for Head Up CPR: Why We Must Read Past the Abstract

Background: There are only two interventions that have been proven in the medical literature to improved outcomes in cardiac arrest: high-quality CPR and early defibrillation. Over the years, we as a scientific community have worked extensively to find other interventions …

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The BOX Trial: BP & O2 Targets in Comatose Survivors of Cardiac Arrest

Background: Hypoxemia and hypoperfusion are important factors in outcomes after ROSC.  While hypoxemia (SpO2 <90%) is clearly deleterious, it is unclear if hyperoxia is beneficial.  Recent studies on patients requiring critical care have demonstrated that hyperoxia is harmful and instead …

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CardiovascularResuscitationThoracic and Respiratory