Archive

Medical Category: Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes

REBEL Core Cast 88.0 – Hypocalcemia

Take Home Points Severe hypocalcemia can cause hypotension and QTc prolongation leading to Torsades de Pointes.  Treat moderate to severe symptoms and any EKG changes with IV calcium salts Always search for and treat the underlying cause of hypocalcemia

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes

REBEL Core Cast 87.0 – Hypercalcemia

Take Home Points Patients with severe hypercalcemia (> 14 mg/dL) are at risk for severe cardiac dysrhythmias and cardiac collapse Treatment centers on volume repletion with normal saline with consideration for the addition of loop diuretics AFTER volume reexpansion is …

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes

The ADVOR Trial: Acetazolamide in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

Background: Patients presenting with acute exacerbations of congestive heart failure are frequently treated with intravenous loop diuretics.  Despite being treated with loop diuretics, the problem is many are discharged from the hospital with residual clinical signs of volume overload despite …

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CardiovascularEndocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes

The CLASSIC Trial: IV Fluid Restriction in Septic Shock

Background: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines recommend an initial fixed volume of 30mL/kg of IDEAL body weight within the first 3 hours of resuscitation (weak recommendation, low-quality evidence). [2].  Additionally, the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines state there is insufficient evidence …

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and ElectrolytesInfectious DiseaseResuscitation

REBEL Core Cast – Basics of EM – Mega Summary – Part 2

Take Home Points Emergency medicine revolves around the differential diagnosis History and physical exam should significantly narrow your differential diagnosis Have an idea of what specific diagnoses are being ruled out when ordering diagnostic tests Always consider the most life-threatening and …

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Abdominal and GastroinstestinalCardiovascularDermatologyEndocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and ElectrolytesHematology and OncologyInfectious DiseaseNeurologyObstetrics and GynecologyOrthopedicsResuscitationTrauma

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