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All Categories
  • All Categories
  • Abdominal and Gastroinstestinal
  • Allergy and Immunology
  • Cardiovascular
  • Dermatology
  • EMS and Disaster
  • Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes
  • Environmental
  • Ethical and Legal
  • Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat
  • Hematology and Oncology
  • Infectious Disease
  • Neurology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Orthopedics
  • Pediatrics
  • Procedures and Skills
  • Pyschobehavioral
  • Renal and Genitourinary
  • Resuscitation
  • Thoracic and Respiratory
  • Toxicology
  • Trauma

REBEL Core Cast 110.0 – On Shift Learning Pearls

Take Home Points: Patients with recent onset atrial fibrillation can safely be cardioverted if they are 1) on anticoagulation 2) Low risk based on CHADS-VASC with onset < 48 hours or 3) High risk based on CHADS-VASC with onset < …

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Corticosteroids in Severe Community Acquired Pneumonia: Could CAPE COD catalyze a change in critical care management?

Background: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) can lead to pulmonary and systemic inflammation, resulting in impaired gas exchange, sepsis, organ failure, and an increased risk of death. Corticosteroids have excellent anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects that could mitigate some of the inflammation caused …

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The SQuID Protocol: SQ Insulin in DKA?

Background: DKA is traditionally treated with fluid resuscitation, electrolyte replacement, and intravenous infusions of insulin. However, it is unclear if all degrees (mild, moderate, severe) of DKA require the same intensive treatment. Mild to moderate DKA represents a subgroup of …

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes

STREAM-2: Half-Dose Tenecteplase vs Primary PCI in Older Patients with STEMI?

Background: Primary PCI is the recommended reperfusion strategy in patients with STEMI and should be initiated within 2 hours after first medical contact.  In non-PCI-capable hospitals this goal is not always achievable due to delays in transfer.  In these cases, …

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Cardiovascular

REBEL Core Cast 109.0 – Na Channel Blocker Poisoning

Take Home Points: In the context of poisoning, a “wide QRS” is anything greater than 100 milliseconds. A newly “wide QRS”, especially with hemodynamic instability, should prompt consideration of sodium channel blockade and not ventricular tachycardia. Treatment is guided by …

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Toxicology

Clinical Conundrum: Should a Troponin Routinely be Ordered in Patients with SVT?

Bottom Line Up Top: Troponins should not be routinely sent in patients presenting with SVT. Rarely, they may be necessary if the patient has concerning ischemic symptoms that persist after conversion to sinus rhythm. Clinical Scenario: A 44-year-old man presents …

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Cardiovascular

Rosh Review EM Scholar Monthly Question

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Orthopedics

The ECLS-SHOCK Trial: ECPR in Infarct-Related Cardiogenic Shock

Background: Cardiogenic shock develops in up to 10% of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and carries a 30 day mortality rate around 50%. Revascularization of the culprit lesion remains one of the few established treatments though there are numerous …

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CardiovascularResuscitation

REBEL Core Cast 108.0 – Angioedema

Take Home Points: Airway management is paramount; expect a challenging intubation and consider controlling the airway early if there is apparent airway compromise. Understanding the cause of angioedema (mast cell vs. bradykinin mediated) helps dictate directed management. Urticaria and pruritus …

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Allergy and Immunology

POCUS in the ED: Is Confirmatory RUQ US Still Necessary?

Background: Point of care ultrasound (POCUS) has a demonstrated sensitivity of 89.8% and specificity of 88.0% for identification of cholelithiasis and has a proven negative predictive value for ruling out other acute biliary pathology such as acute cholecystitis.1  It is …

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Abdominal and GastroinstestinalProcedures and Skills

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