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Medical Category: Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat

Meta-Analysis on Topical TXA for Epistaxis

Background Information: Epistaxis management in the emergency department has historically included topical vasoconstrictors, local anesthetics such as oxymetazoline and phenylephrine and topical fibrinolytic agents such as Tranexamic Acid (TXA). When these topical agents fail, packing, chemical cauterization or surgical ligation …

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Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and ThroatProcedures and SkillsResuscitation

REBEL Core Cast 69.0 – Epiglottitis

Take home points: Epiglottitis has demonstrated a resurgence in the adult population. It is no longer a pediatric only disease. The classic presentation of epiglottitis (3Ds of drooling, dysphagia and distress) is uncommon Epiglottitis should be high on your differential …

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Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat

Systemic Review and Meta Analysis on Topical Pain Control in Corneal Abrasions

 Background Information: Corneal abrasions are responsible for the largest proportion of eye-related chief complaints in patients presenting to emergency departments in the United States. There is substantial variability in physician practice when it comes to pain control. Ophthalmology literature has …

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Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat

REBEL Cast Ep97: The NoPAC Trial – TXA for Epistaxis?

Background: Epistaxis is a common Emergency Department (ED) complaint with over 450,000 visits per year and a lifetime incidence of 60% (Gifford 2008, Pallin 2005). Standard anterior epistaxis treatment consists of holding pressure, use of local vasoconstrictors, topical application of …

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Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat

Corneal Abrasions and Short-Term Topical Tetracaine

Background: Anyone who has had a corneal abrasion knows how painful it can be.   Unfortunately, traditional analgesic agents (ibuprofen, acetaminophen, opiates etc) are ineffective in relieving pain. Topical anesthetic drops can be diagnostic of superficial eye pathology and are routinely …

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Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat

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