Cough from respiratory illness is one of the most common reasons that patients seek care in both the outpatient primary care setting and the emergency department (ED). Cough due to respiratory illness is a self-limited condition in the majority of cases, but patients still seek care at clinics and EDs seeking relief or their symptoms. Maybe the reason for this is patients’ expectations of duration of cough and the actual natural history of cough from respiratory illness are mismatched. So how long does a cough from respiratory illness last? Read more →
Author Archive for: srrezaie
Background: Respiratory tract infections and pneumonia are the 3rd leading cause of death worldwide. Although morbidity and mortality has improved slightly with the advent of antibiotics, there is still a significant long-term morbidity and mortality associated with this disorder. It is well known that in pneumonia, there is an excess release of circulating inflammatory cytokines which cause further pulmonary dysfunction. Maybe the use of systemic corticosteroids, which have anti-inflammatory effects, could help attenuate this systemic inflammatory process and thus improve outcomes. So is there any benefit to adjunct prednisone therapy in community acquired pneumonia?
Welcome to the February 2015 REBELCast, where Swami, Matt, and I are going to tackle two critical care topics that come up frequently in clinical practice in both the pre-hospital setting as well as the emergency department. Today we are going to specifically tackle:
Topic #1: Administration of Rapid Sequence Intubation (RSI) Medications via an Intraosseous line.
Topic #2: Compressions During Charging (CDC) in Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA)
In the United States, trauma is the leading cause of death among patients between the ages of 1 and 44 years of age and the third leading cause of death overall. Approximately 20 to 40% of trauma deaths occur after hospital admission and are a result of massive hemorrhage. There have been no large, multi-center, randomized clinical trials with survival as a primary end point that support optimal trauma resuscitation practices with approved blood products and therefore there are many conflicting recommendations. The Prosective Observational Multicenter Major Trauma Transfusion (PROMMT) Trial demonstrated that many clinicians were transfusing patients with blood products in a ratio of 1:1:1 or 1:1:2 and that early transfusion of plasma was associated with improved 6-hour survival after admission.
The Pragmatic, Randomized Optimal Platelet and Plasma Ratios (PROPPR) Trial was designed to address the effectiveness and safety of 1:1:1 transfusion ratio vs 1:1:2 in patients with trauma who were predicted to receive a massive transfusion.
Welcome to the January 2015 REBELCast, where Swami and I are going to tackle a very important scenario that comes up in the daily practice of not only Emergency Medicine, but also in Medicine. Today we are going to specifically tackle one topic:
Topic: Is the use of cephalosporin antibiotics in patients with a history of penicillin class antibiotics safe? Read more →
Welcome to the September REBELCast 2014, where Matt, Swami, and I are going to tackle a couple more scenarios to help your clinical practice. Today, we are going to specifically tackle two different topics:
Topic #1: The use of Non-Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV) in the Pre-Hospital Treatment of Patients with Severe Respiratory Distress
Topic #2: Once Weekly Dalbavancin for Skin Infections Read more →
A 52 year old female with a past medical history of type II diabetes mellitus and tobacco abuse presents with a chief complaint of chest pain.
According to the patient she had about 2 – 3 months of stuttering, substernal chest pain without any radiation. She described the pain as pressure-like, with activity, but that it would typically resolve after a few minutes of rest. Today she awoke with substernal chest pain that never resolved and continued in the emergency department. She quantifies her pain as 7/10 and not relieved with 2L nasal cannula of oxygen, 325mg PO aspirin, and SL NTG x3.
BP 127/89 HR 76 RR 20 O2 sat 100% on 2L NC Temp 99.3
Awake, A&Ox3, appears uncomfortable
Mild JVD on examination
RRR w/o m/r/g
2+ pulses in her extremities, no edema
ECG is shown (No prior ECG for comparison)…..
Welcome to REBELCast August 2014, where Matt, Swami, and I are going to tackle a couple more scenarios to help your clinical practice. Today, we are going to specifically tackle two different topics:
Topic #1: Significance of Isolated Vomiting in Pediatric Minor Head Trauma
Topic #2: Early Detection of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) in the Emergency Department Read more →
D-dimer has been shown to increase with age, which can cause a lower specificity (i.e. more false positive tests) in older patients. The result of this would be that older patients would often have more diagnostic imaging or downstream testing, but on the other hand, maybe a higher cut-off d-dimer value may lead to increased false negative cases (i.e. missed venothromboembolism) and make this strategy less safe. Recently, I wrote a post on age-adjusted d-dimer testing on REBEL EM, but since that post there was a new article that was published in Chest 2014. This post, will specifically focus on an update of age-adjusted d-dimer testing based on the above article. Read more →
Welcome to REBELCast Episode 1, where Matt, Swami, and I are going to tackle a couple of scenarios to help your clinical practice. Today, we are going to specifically tackle two different topics:
- Topic #1: Clinically Important Biphasic Anaphylaxis
- Topic #2: Total Lymphocyte Count (TLC) as a Surrogate Marker for CD4 Counts