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Medical Category: Infectious Disease

The COVID-OUT Trial: Does Metformin Reduce the Risk of Long COVID?

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has been the focus of massive research efforts over the last three years. Our understanding of the disease and effective treatments to reduce mortality have progressed rapidly during this time. However, the medical community is only …

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Infectious Disease

Adjunctive Methylene Blue in Septic Shock?

Background: Sepsis can induce numerous physiologic derangements.  At the most severe end, this includes endothelial dysfunction leading to increased vascular permeability, abnormal nitric oxide metabolism, and vasodilation (i.e. septic shock).  Judicious fluid resuscitation is indicated in patients with signs of …

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Infectious DiseaseResuscitation

REBEL Cast Ep116: The CLOVERS Trial – Restrictive vs Liberal Fluids in Sepsis-Induced Hypotension

Background: IV fluids are part of the standard resuscitation bundle in septic shock, however it is unclear if they provide a significant benefit. These patients can have a vasodilated vascular bed and the initial use of fluids is hypothesized to …

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Infectious DiseaseResuscitation

7d vs 14d of Antibiotics in Afebrile Men with UTI

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common reasons for anti-microbial use (Tan, 2016). However, the optimal treatment duration for UTI in men is not well studied, and current practice guidelines are based on historical dogma. One …

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Infectious Disease

Short Course Antibiotics for Peds CAP: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background: There is a shifting paradigm with persuasive evidence favoring a shorter duration of antibiotics for outpatient management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. The SAFER and CAP-IT trials found that short-course antibiotic therapy was not inferior to standard duration …

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Infectious DiseasePediatrics

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