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Tag: Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone vs Methylprednisolone in ICU Patients with COVID19

Background Information: Over one year into the pandemic many therapies to treat COVID-19 have targeted innumerable aspects of the virus. Most recently, the use of corticosteroids to treat the virus’ excessive inflammatory effects has become the front and center of …

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and ElectrolytesInfectious DiseaseThoracic and Respiratory

It’s Raining Steroids in COVID-19: REMAP-CAP, CoDEX, & CAPE COVID

Background: Over the past few years, corticosteroids have gained traction in the treatment of patients with ARDS and septic shock.  Trials such as APROCCHSS and ADRENAL have shown that the use of corticosteroids is associated with more rapid resolution of …

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Infectious Disease

The RECOVERY Trial: Dexamethasone for COVID-19?

Background: We have been in need of a sign of hope in the fight against SARS-CoV-2 as it runs from city to city overwhelming health systems.  The majority of patients will be either asymptomatic or have only mild disease.  These …

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Infectious Disease

REBEL Cast Episode 39 – The TOAST Trial: Dexamethasone for Acute Pharyngitis

Background: Sore throat is a common presentation to the emergency department as well as primary care clinics.  Corticosteroids inhibit transcription of pro-inflammatory mediators in airway endothelial cells responsible for pharyngeal inflammation and symptoms of pain.  They have been used in …

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Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat

Single Dose Dexamethasone or 5 Days of Prednisone in Adult Asthmatics?

Background: Acute asthma presentations account for more than 2.1 million Emergency Department (ED) visits annually. In the US, 8.4% of the population is affected by the disease. Current guidelines from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute recommend a minimum of …

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Thoracic and Respiratory

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