Post-Partum Hemorrhage

15 Jan
January 15, 2018

Definition: Blood loss > 500 ml after a delivery (or > 250 ml after an abortion). The management of post-abortion hemorrhage is similar to that of post-partum hemorrhage (PPH).

Causes

  • Uterine atony (~ 50% of cases)
  • Retained products of conception (POCs)
  • Cervical lacerations
  • Uterine perforation
  • Uterine Inversion
  • Abnormal placentation (accreta, increta, percreta)
  • Coagulopathy

Background:

  • Occurs in 1-2% of patients undergoing a first trimester surgical abortion
  • Most common cause of abortion-related mortally in 2nd trimester
  • Risk increases with increasing maternal age

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REBEL Cast Ep 43: Pain Control and Opioid Sparing Options in the ED

08 Jan
January 8, 2018

Background: In the United States we are not only seeing an opioid epidemic but also a shortage of IV opioid agents. For both reasons, it is important to find non-opioid options for common pain complaints seen in the ED.  Changing prescribing practices is difficult but an important step in minimizing opioid usage.  Current research suggests that even short term opioid use can cause a predisposition to subsequent opioid dependence. In the spirit of doing no harm, we as a healthcare community should look to find other less harmful ways to decrease pain and suffering.  In this episode, we will review four randomized clinical trials published in the past year on pain control to see if there is evidence to support other non-opioid options. Read more →

The Rebellion in EM Clinical Conference

04 Jan
January 4, 2018

Rebellion in EM
May 11th – 13th, 2018
San Antonio, TX
Venue: Pearl Stable
Website: www.rebellioninem.com Read more →

Effect of POCUS in Cardiac Arrest on Compression Pauses

14 Dec
December 14, 2017

Background: The provision of high-quality compressions with minimal interruptions is central to the management of cardiac arrest. Along with defibrillation, high-quality compressions are the only interventions proven to improve patient-oriented outcomes. Recently, point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has gained greater use in cardiac arrest care for determination the cause of arrest as well as guiding the resuscitation and interventions. Performance of POCUS during arrest can be challenging particularly in terms of obtaining cardiac windows. Among these challenges is obtaining images of the heart during compressions. As a result, cardiac POCUS is often performed during rhythm checks when there is a scheduled pause in compressions. Despite the potential benefit from POCUS in cardiac arrest, prolonged interruptions in compressions while attempting to get optimal windows is unlikely to benefit the patient and, may be harmful. Read more →

Topical TXA in Epistaxis

07 Dec
December 7, 2017

Background: Epistaxis is a common Emergency Department (ED) complaint with over 450,000 visits per year and a lifetime incidence of 60% (Gifford 2008, Pallin 2005). Standard anterior epistaxis treatment consists of holding pressure, use of local vasoconstrictors, topical application of silver nitrate and placement of an anterior nasal pack. ED patients with epistaxis often fail conservative management and end up with anterior nasal packs which are uncomfortable. This is even more common in the group of patients who are taking antiplatelet agents like aspirin or clopidogrel. Recently, the use of topical tranexamic acid (TXA) has been described in patients with anterior epistaxis with shorter time to epistaxis control and shorter ED length of stay (Zahed 2013). However, prior studies have not focused specifically on patients taking antiplatelet agents. Read more →

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