Archive

Tag: OHCA

The 1st Community ECMO Program in the US

Background: In the US out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has an estimated survival rate of <10% overall, but slightly better survival rates with shockable rhythms of approximately 30% [2]. A small proportion of these patients will have refractory VF/VT OHCA not …

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Resuscitation

IV or IO Epi in OHCA?

Background: Epinephrine remains a staple in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).  However, the optimal dose, timing, and route of administration are still unknown.  Standard dosing of epinephrine is 1mg every 3 to 5 minutes via the intravenous …

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Resuscitation

Rebellion in EM 2019: Optimal Airway Management in OHCA via Chris Hicks, MD

Traditionally, endotracheal intubation has been the gold standard for airway management in cardiac arrest. However, more recent data suggests that maybe less is more (i.e. supraglottic airways and/or bag valve mask ventilation).  The AHA guidelines have also de-emphasized airway management …

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Procedures and SkillsResuscitation

Rebellion in EM 2019: Pro/Con Debate – Epinephrine in Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA)

Background: Epinephrine (adrenaline) has been used in advanced life support in cardiac arrest since the early 1960s. Despite the routine recommendation for its use, evidence to support administration is less than ideal.  Although it is clear from multiple observational studies …

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Resuscitation

Dosing and Timing of Epinephrine in OHCA

Background: Epinephrine (adrenaline) remains a central part of management of OHCA in ACLS guidelines. Recent studies (i.e. PARAMEDIC-2) have raised concerns about the efficacy and possible deleterious effects of epinephrine on both overall survival and long-term neurological outcomes. Other observational trials have …

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Resuscitation

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