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Rebel Category: REBEL Crit

TTM2: Hypothermia vs Normothermia for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Background Information: Hypothermia was first introduced in 2002 by two studies, Bernard et al and The Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest (HACA) trial.1,2 The latter, although a small trial, showed improved neurologic outcomes at six months when patients were cooled to …

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CardiovascularNeurologyResuscitation

The MENDS2 Trial: Dexmedetomidine vs Propofol for Sedation

Background: In patients requiring mechanical ventilation, sedative medications are used for patient comfort and safety.¬† However, these medications can also lead to brain dysfunction (i.e. delirium or coma) and long-term cognitive impairment. Currently, the Society of Critical Are Medicine [2] …

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Thoracic and Respiratory

The VICTAS Trial: How Many More RCTs do we Need on the Metabolic Cocktail in Sepsis?

Background: Since the publication of the before and after Marik trial [1] published in 2016, there have been six randomized clinical trials trying to answer the question of the utility of the metabolic cocktail (Vitamin C, thiamine, and hydrocortisone) in …

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Infectious Disease

The HOT-ICU Trial: Lower vs Higher Oxygenation Targets for Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure

Background: Though oxygen is fundamental for life, supra-physiological levels can be deleterious. Several randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses have been conducted in the critically ill to determine whether a conservative oxygenation approach compared to a liberal oxygenation approach is beneficial. …

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Thoracic and Respiratory

The ARREST Trial: ECMO or EC-No for Refractory Cardiac Arrest?

Background: ¬†Despite medical advances, survival after out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is still largely dependent on high-quality CPR. Many of these events are due to a primary cardiac event, likely coronary artery occlusion. Current guidelines recommend reperfusion therapy following …

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Resuscitation

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