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Rebel Category: REBEL Crit

Effectiveness of Sodium Bicarbonate Administration on Mortality in Cardiac Arrest Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background/Introduction: The use of Sodium Bicarbonate (SB) in cardiac arrest has had a complicated history with strong and varied opinions on its effectiveness. SB was recommended in earlier ACLS guidelines, mostly stemming from the notion that severe metabolic acidosis due to …

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Resuscitation

Resuscitative Thoracotomy: What Really is the Quickest Way to a Person’s Heart?

Background: A resuscitative thoracotomy is a time-critical high acuity, low occurrence (HALO) procedure – as an emergency physician you need to know how to do it, but depending on your practice environment, it may be a once-in-a-career maneuver. All the …

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Trauma

The ATESS Trial: Time to Let Go of the Metabolic Cocktail

Background: The only well-established treatments for sepsis and septic shock are antibiotic therapy and source control.  Septic shock, the most severe form of sepsis, is characterized by circulatory and cellular metabolism abnormalities.  There have been a host of randomized controlled …

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Infectious Disease

Let’s Get Our ACTS Together: The Metabolic Cocktail and Septic Shock Again

Background: Though it’s been stated numerous times on this blog, it bears repeating: the pillars of sepsis care remain early identification of sepsis, early appropriate empiric antibiotics, source control, and supportive care. The focus should be on getting the basics …

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Infectious Disease

STARRT-AKI Trial: Timing of Renal Replacement Therapy Initiation in Acute Kidney Injury

Background Information: It is well documented throughout the literature that critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with acute kidney injury have a higher morbidity and mortality.1–4 Acute kidney injury may be complicated by acidosis, hyperkalemia and …

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and ElectrolytesRenal and Genitourinary

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