Rebel Category: REBEL Core

REBEL Core Cast 91.0 – Testicular Torsion

Take Home Points Consider the diagnosis of testicular torsion in all patients with acute testicular pain Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency that requires immediate urologic consultation to increase the rate of tissue salvage. History, physical examination and ultrasound are …

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Renal and Genitourinary

REBEL Core Cast 90.0 – Methemoglobinemia

Take Home Points Methemoglobinemia can result from exposure to a number of different medications. The most common are dapsone and topical anesthetic agents (i.e. benzocaine) Consider the diagnosis in any patient with cyanosis and hypoxia that doesn’t respond to oxygen …

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REBEL Core Cast 89.0 – Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

Take Home Points Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis (SBP) is a difficult diagnosis to make because presentations are variable. Consider a diagnostic paracentesis in all patients presenting to the ED with ascites from cirrhosis An ascites PMN count > 250 cells/mm3 is …

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Abdominal and Gastroinstestinal

REBEL Core Cast 88.0 – Hypocalcemia

Take Home Points Severe hypocalcemia can cause hypotension and QTc prolongation leading to Torsades de Pointes.  Treat moderate to severe symptoms and any EKG changes with IV calcium salts Always search for and treat the underlying cause of hypocalcemia

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes

REBEL Core Cast 87.0 – Hypercalcemia

Take Home Points Patients with severe hypercalcemia (> 14 mg/dL) are at risk for severe cardiac dysrhythmias and cardiac collapse Treatment centers on volume repletion with normal saline with consideration for the addition of loop diuretics AFTER volume reexpansion is …

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Endocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes