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Tag: Ob/Gyn

Association of Maternal First-Trimester Ondansetron Use with Cardiac Malformations and Oral Clefts in Newborns

Background Information: Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy most commonly occurs during the first trimester. If left untreated, the development of hyperemesis gravidarum can lead to further complications characterized by dehydration and electrolyte abnormalities.1 Ondansetron, a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist has quickly …

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Obstetrics and GynecologyToxicology

Tranexamic Acid (TXA) for Everything that Bleeds?

Background: TXA is a synthetic lysine derivative that binds with the lysine site on plasminogen and inhibits fibrinolysis.  TXA is not a new drug. Studies from the late 1960s and early 1970s have shown reduced bleeding and need for transfusions in …

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Hematology and Oncology

Methotrexate Failure in Non-Ruptured Ectopic Pregnancy

Background: 1st trimester vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain is a common complaint seen in the ED.  As EM physicians it is important to make the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy early in the clinical course as it can prevent rupture, difficulty with future …

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Obstetrics and Gynecology

D-Dimer in Pregnancy: Limiting Radiation with Pre-test Probability

Background: Pulmonary embolism is the leading cause of death in pregnancy and the puerperium – accounting for nearly 20% of maternal deaths in the United States – making rapid and accurate diagnosis critically important for emergency physicians, OB/GYNs, and all …

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Hematology and OncologyObstetrics and Gynecology

Is Macrobid Safe in 1st Trimester Pregnancy?

Background: In 2011, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) released a committee opinion warning against the use of nitrofurantoin (Macrobid) during the first trimester of pregnancy due to the perceived risk of an increased rate of congenital abnormalities …

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Obstetrics and Gynecology

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