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Tag: Cardiovascular

Retrospective Validation of High-Sensitivity Troponin with 5 Clinical Decision Instruments

Background: Chest pain is the second most common reason for presentation to the emergency department (ED) and accounts for nearly 6.5 million visits each year. [1] Management often requires the utilization of clinical gestalt, laboratory analysis, diagnostic imaging, and clinical prediction …

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Cardiovascular

TTM2: Hypothermia vs Normothermia for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Background Information: Hypothermia was first introduced in 2002 by two studies, Bernard et al and The Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest (HACA) trial.1,2 The latter, although a small trial, showed improved neurologic outcomes at six months when patients were cooled to …

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CardiovascularNeurologyResuscitation

External Validation of the Canadian Syncope Risk Score

Background Information: The Canadian Syncope Risk Score (CSRS) is one of several clinical decision tools used in the emergency department (ED) following a syncopal episode. (Figure 1) It was derived from one of the largest datasets currently available and its …

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Cardiovascular

MIRACLE2 Risk Score for Early Prediction of Neurologic Outcome in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Background Information: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a diagnostic challenge to providers and a significant burden on healthcare systems globally. Despite the advancement of invasive medical therapies such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO) at designated cardiac …

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CardiovascularNeurologyResuscitation

Comparison of Chemical vs Electrical Cardioversion of Acute Uncomplicated Atrial Fibrillation

Background Information: Atrial fibrillation is the most commonly encountered dysrhythmia in the emergency department (ED) and is associated with an increased long-term risk of stroke, heart-failure and all-cause mortality.1,2 In fact, the overall mortality rate for patients with atrial fibrillation is …

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Cardiovascular

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