Archive

Medical Category: Cardiovascular

Amiodarone Versus Digoxin for Acute Rate Control of Atrial Fibrillation in the Emergency Department

Background Information: Atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rate (RVR) is one of the many tachydysrhythmias we encounter in the Emergency Department (ED). Though consensus has been reached for first-line treatment of ventricular rate control1 with beta blockers (BB) and non-dihydropyridine …

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CardiovascularResuscitation

REBEL Cast Ep113: Defibrillation Strategies for Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation

Background Information:  Double external defibrillation (DED) is an intervention often used to treat refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF). This procedure involves applying another set of pads attached to a second defibrillator to a patient and shocking them in hopes of terminating …

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CardiovascularProcedures and SkillsResuscitation

Heads Up! There is No Association with Improved Outcomes for Head Up CPR: Why We Must Read Past the Abstract

Background: There are only two interventions that have been proven in the medical literature to improved outcomes in cardiac arrest: high-quality CPR and early defibrillation. Over the years, we as a scientific community have worked extensively to find other interventions …

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CardiovascularResuscitation

The ADVOR Trial: Acetazolamide in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

Background: Patients presenting with acute exacerbations of congestive heart failure are frequently treated with intravenous loop diuretics.  Despite being treated with loop diuretics, the problem is many are discharged from the hospital with residual clinical signs of volume overload despite …

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CardiovascularEndocrine, Metabolic, Fluid, and Electrolytes

The REVIVED Trial: PCI in Patients with Severe Ischemic Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction?

Background: Coronary artery disease can result in hibernating myocardium (chronic myocardial contractile dysfunction) due to ischemia.  The theory is that there is reduced coronary blood flow and increased myocardial demand resulting in impaired contractility. Whether reversal of myocardial hibernation by …

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Cardiovascular

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