Tag: Atrial Fibrillation

EPIC Trial: Electrode Positioning in Cardioverting Atrial Fibrillation

Background Information: Electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation is regularly performed by emergency physicians, intensivists, and cardiologists. Although many approaches to performing this procedure exist, the most common electrode placement is the anterior-lateral compared to the anterior-posterior positioning.1 The literature backing …

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CardiovascularProcedures and SkillsResuscitation

The STROKE-AF and PER DIEM Trials: Detection of Atrial Fibrillation After Stroke

Background: The mainstays for management of stroke include admission to a stroke center and management of modifiable risk factors.1,2,3 It is estimated that most strokes are ischemic (87%),4 and atrial fibrillation and/or flutter are thought to be responsible for approximately …

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Thromboembolic Events After Cardioversion of Acute Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter: Should we Anticoagulate?

Background: Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter are two of the most common dysrhythmias seen in the emergency department (ED). Rarely does a shift go by that you don’t see one or the other. For decades, there has been a debate …

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The EAST-AFNET 4 Trial: Early Rhythm-Control Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Background: Approximately one in four adults over forty-five years of age will develop atrial fibrillation (AF) during their lifetime. There is a clear association between AF and premature death, ischemic stroke, and cardiovascular events in the first year after atrial …

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RAFF2: Electrical vs Pharmacological Cardioversion for ED Patients with Acute Atrial Fibrillation

Background: Acute atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common dysrhythmias seen in the emergency department (ED). There has been extensive discussion and debate about the best way to manage acute AF centered around rate and rhythm control.  However, …

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