Tag: Atrial Fibrillation

Amiodarone Versus Digoxin for Acute Rate Control of Atrial Fibrillation in the Emergency Department

Background Information: Atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rate (RVR) is one of the many tachydysrhythmias we encounter in the Emergency Department (ED). Though consensus has been reached for first-line treatment of ventricular rate control1 with beta blockers (BB) and non-dihydropyridine …

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EPIC Trial: Electrode Positioning in Cardioverting Atrial Fibrillation

Background Information: Electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation is regularly performed by emergency physicians, intensivists, and cardiologists. Although many approaches to performing this procedure exist, the most common electrode placement is the anterior-lateral compared to the anterior-posterior positioning.1 The literature backing …

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CardiovascularProcedures and SkillsResuscitation

The STROKE-AF and PER DIEM Trials: Detection of Atrial Fibrillation After Stroke

Background: The mainstays for management of stroke include admission to a stroke center and management of modifiable risk factors.1,2,3 It is estimated that most strokes are ischemic (87%),4 and atrial fibrillation and/or flutter are thought to be responsible for approximately …

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Thromboembolic Events After Cardioversion of Acute Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter: Should we Anticoagulate?

Background: Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter are two of the most common dysrhythmias seen in the emergency department (ED). Rarely does a shift go by that you don’t see one or the other. For decades, there has been a debate …

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The EAST-AFNET 4 Trial: Early Rhythm-Control Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Background: Approximately one in four adults over forty-five years of age will develop atrial fibrillation (AF) during their lifetime. There is a clear association between AF and premature death, ischemic stroke, and cardiovascular events in the first year after atrial …

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