January 2015 REBELCast

10 Jan
January 10, 2015

REBELCastWelcome to the January 2015 REBELCast, where Swami and I are going to tackle a very important scenario that comes up in the daily practice of not only Emergency Medicine, but also in Medicine.  Today we are going to specifically tackle one topic:

Topic: Is the use of cephalosporin antibiotics in patients with a history of penicillin class antibiotics safe? Read more →

Do Patients with Strep Throat Need to Be Treated with Antibiotics?

05 Jan
January 5, 2015

Background: Streptococcal pharyngitis is a common presentation to primary care and Emergency Department physicians. Every year, 10 million patients in the United States are treated with antibiotics for pharyngitis. However, less than 10% of these patients actually have strep pharyngitis (Barnett 2013). Prescribing of antibiotics for these patients centers on three arguments:

  1. Antibiotics reduce symptomology
  2. Antibiotics reduce the rate of suppurative complications
  3. Antibiotics reduce the rate of non-suppurative complications (primarily Rheumatic Heart Disease).

So, do patients with strep throat need to be treated with antibiotics?

Read more →

September REBELCast

02 Sep
September 2, 2014

rebelcast_logo2Welcome to the September REBELCast 2014, where Matt, Swami, and I are going to tackle a couple more scenarios to help your clinical practice.  Today, we are going to specifically tackle two different topics:

Topic #1: The use of Non-Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV) in the Pre-Hospital Treatment of Patients with Severe Respiratory Distress
Topic #2: Once Weekly Dalbavancin for Skin Infections Read more →

R.E.B.E.L. ECG of the Week: Wellens’ Syndrome or STEMI

14 Aug
August 14, 2014

Wellens' Syndrome or STEMI

A 52 year old female with a past medical history of type II diabetes mellitus and tobacco abuse presents with a chief complaint of chest pain.

According to the patient she had about 2 – 3 months of stuttering, substernal chest pain without any radiation.  She described the pain as pressure-like, with activity, but that it would typically resolve after a few minutes of rest.  Today she awoke with substernal chest pain that never resolved and continued in the emergency department.  She quantifies her pain as 7/10 and not relieved with 2L nasal cannula of oxygen, 325mg PO aspirin, and SL NTG x3.

BP 127/89     HR 76     RR 20      O2 sat 100% on 2L NC     Temp 99.3

Awake, A&Ox3, appears uncomfortable
Mild JVD on examination
RRR w/o m/r/g
CTA B
2+ pulses in her extremities, no edema

ECG is shown (No prior ECG for comparison)…..

Read more →

Colchicine for Treatment of Pericarditis

11 Aug
August 11, 2014

PericarditisAcute and recurrent pericarditis are frequently diagnosed in the emergency department.  Traditionally, treatment has consisted of anti-inflammatory medications (eg. ASA or NSAIDs) or corticosteroids.  Colchicine is an underutilized therapy for pericarditis and provides significant benefit when combined with NSAIDs/ASA. Addition of colchicine to standard therapy results in earlier reduction in pericarditis symptoms, greater remission at 1 week, and reduces the rate of recurrent pericarditis. Let’s review the literature for colchicine for treatment of pericarditis. Read more →

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