Cauda Equina Syndrome

31 May
May 31, 2018

Definition: Syndrome characterized by dysfunction of multiple lumbar and sacral nerve roots in the lumbar vertebral canal due to compression

Anatomy

  • The spinal cord terminates in the conus medullaris at the T12/L1 vertebral body in adults
  • Cauda equina
    • Collection of nerve roots from L1-S5
    • Compression from various causes results in lower motor neuron pathology

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Penetrating Neck Injuries

28 May
May 28, 2018

Background: Patients with penetrating neck trauma can present with a variety of injury patterns including hemorrhagic shock, airway obstruction and neurologic injury. Serious injuries may not be clinically obvious making diagnosis and prompt treatment challenging. Due to the large number of critical structures in the neck, a clear knowledge of the anatomy is necessary for proper evaluation and management.

Epidemiology (Evans 2018)

  • Represent 1% of all trauma admissions in the US and have a 5% mortality rate
  • 80% of morality secondary to cerebral infarction
  • ~ 20% of mortality secondary to uncontrolled hemorrhage

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What Every Speaker Needs to Have When Traveling to a Conference

26 May
May 26, 2018

Anyone speaking on the international/national level has run into AV difficulties and there is nothing more stressful than not being prepared to handle it.  In this post, what every speaker needs to have when traveling to a conference, we (Salim Rezaie, Natalie May, and Anand Swaminathan) have listed the things we take with us anytime we travel to speak at a conference to ensure our presentation works no matter what connections a venue may have. Read more →

Corticosteroids in Pharyngitis – Systematic Review + Meta-Analysis

24 May
May 24, 2018

Background: Sore throat is among the most common complaints in the emergency department (ED). Sometimes, the etiology is bacterial, and in those cases antibiotics may shorten the duration of disease and provide symptomatic relief. The majority of cases are viral and though most are appropriately treated with symptom management in the forms of NSAIDS and acetaminophen, some are prescribed antibiotics before cultures result in the hopes of alleviating pain. Corticosteroids are another treatment modality with prior studies suggesting their effectiveness. That said, steroids remain an uncommon therapy for a common disease. Read more →

Industry Sponsored Trials and  Entresto in CHF

23 May
May 23, 2018

Background: Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is one of the leading causes of hospitalization among adults over the age of 65 years of age. Despite improvement in outcomes with optimal medical treatment, admission rates still remain high with many patients requiring rehospitalization.  The staples of CHF management include ACE inhibitors, ARBs, beta blockers, diuretics, aldosterone antagonists, hydralazine/nitrates, and digoxin. Recently, I have seen an increase of patients with CHF on a new medication called Entresto (Valsartan-Sacubitril or LCZ696)  I did not know much about this medication, or the evidence base for it.

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