SVT With Aberrancy Versus VT

22 Nov
November 22, 2013

Brugada CriteriaDifferentiating between SVT with aberrancy versus VT can be very difficult. It is crucial to be able to make this distinction as therapeutic decisions are anchored to this differentiation. Brugada et al prospectively analyzed 384 patients with VT and 170 patients with SVT with aberrant conduction to see if it was possible to come up with a simple criteria to help differentiate between the two with high sensitivity and specificity.

The Brugada criteria algorithm involves 4 sequential questions. If at any point, the answer is YES, then it is VT. (2022022)

 1. Is there an absence of an RS complex in all precordial leads?

  • Yes = VT (Sensitivity 0.21, specificity 1.0)
  • No = Next question

Absence of RS Complex in Precordial Leads

2. Is the R to S interval >100 msec (2.5 small boxes) in one precordial lead?

  • Yes = VT (Sensitivity 0.66, specificity 0.98)
  • No = Next question

R to S Interval Greater than 100 milliseconds

3. Is there atrioventricular (AV) dissociation?

  • Yes = VT (Sensitivity 0.82, specificity 0.98)
  • No = Next Question

AV Dissociation

  • AV Dissociation = Ventricular rate is same or faster than the atrial rate
  • Complete Heart Block = Atria are beating independent of ventricles with atrial rate being faster than ventricular rate

4. Is there morphology criteria for VT present in precordial leads V1/V2 and V6?

  • Yes = VT (Sensitivity 0.987, specificity 0.965)
  • No = SVT with Aberrant Conduction (Sensitivity 0.965, specificity 0.987)
  • Determine if you have a LBBB morphology (dominant S wave in V1) or a RBBB morphology (dominant R wave in V1) then use the appropriate section below to help differentiate.

4a. LBBB Morphology: Dominant S Wave in V1 or V2

  • Lead V1 morphology consistent with VT:
    • R wave > 30 msec (PPV 0.96)
    • RS interval > 60 msec (PPV 0.96), as measured from R wave onset to S wave nadir
    • Notched S Wave (Josephson’s Sign)

Notching of S Wave in Lead V1

  • Lead V6 morphology consistent with VT:
    • QS complex (PPV 1.0)
    • qR wave (PPV 1.0)

Lead V6 LBBB qR Morphology in Ventricular Tachycardia

4b. RBBB Morphology: Dominant R Wave in V1 or V2

  • Lead V1 morphology consistent with VT:
    • Smooth, monophasic R wave (PPV 0.78)
    • Notched downslope to R wave (PPV 0.90)
    • qR wave (PPV 0.95)

Lead V1 RBBB Morphology in Ventricular Tachcardia

  • Lead V6 morphology consistent with VT:
    • QS complex (PPV 1.0)
    • R/S Ratio < 1 (PPV 0.87)

Lead V6 RBBB Morphology in Ventricular Tachycardia

Following the above stepwise approach can help differentiate between SVT with aberrancy and VT with very good sensitivity and specificity.

Bibliography

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Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. […] RSR pattern with taller left rabbit ear (absence of RS pattern in all precordial leads in broad complex tachycardia would suggest VT, spec 1.0) [source rebelem] […]

  2. […] Brugada Algorithm  (2022022) […]

  3. […] on azithromycin and cardiac death, porcelain gallbladder’s (lack of) association with cancer, and distinguishing SVT and VT. […]

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