Background: Patients with penetrating neck trauma can present with a variety of injury patterns including hemorrhagic shock, airway obstruction and neurologic injury. Serious injuries may not be clinically obvious making diagnosis and prompt treatment challenging. Due to the large number of critical structures in the neck, a clear knowledge of the anatomy is necessary for proper evaluation and management.
Epidemiology (Evans 2018)
- Represent 1% of all trauma admissions in the US and have a 5% mortality rate
- 80% of morality secondary to cerebral infarction
- ~ 20% of mortality secondary to uncontrolled hemorrhage