Archive for category: Pediatrics

Button Battery Ingestion

04 Sep
September 4, 2017

Button Batteries: Small, disc shaped battery cells which are designed for use in small electronic devices. Common sources are kids toys, watches, calculators and hearing aids. Most batteries use lithium as a power source Button Battery Ingestion Danger: Contact with mucosal surfaces (oropharynx, esophagus, nasal passage) results in transmission of current Current transmission causes chemical […]

Balanced vs Unbalanced Fluids in Pediatric Severe Sepsis

27 Jul
July 27, 2017

Background: Fluid resuscitation with crystalloid is one of the most basic initial management approaches to adult and pediatric patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. However, which fluid should we be giving, and does it matter?  Should we give an unbalanced, chloride rich solution such as normal saline or a balanced, chloride restrictive fluid, such […]

Validation of the Step-By-Step Approach to Febrile Infants

11 May
May 11, 2017

Background: Fever without source in infants less than three months old presents a difficult diagnostic dilemma for ED physicians.  Over the past 25 years several algorithms have been developed to help guide clinicians, most notably the Rochester, Philadelphia and Boston Criteria, in determining which infants require admission vs. outpatient management.  These studies were designed published […]

Pediatric Septic Hip

06 Mar
March 6, 2017

Pediatric Septic Hip Definition: Bacterial infection of the hip joint space and synovial fluid Background: Causes Hematogenous spread in bacteremia Local spread (i.e. from osteomyelitis) Direct inoculation (traumatic or surgical) High-Risk Subgroups Age < 2 years (peak incidence 6 – 24 months) Immunocompromised state (i.e. AIDS, active cancer, etc) Functional asplenia (i.e. sickle cell disease) Complications […]

Forget the PediaLyte and Just use Dilute Apple Juice in Mild Gastroenteritis

02 Jun
June 2, 2016

BACKGROUND: Every year in the United States there are an estimated 178.8 million episodes of acute gastroenteritis resulting in 473,832 hospitalizations.  Most of the evidence surrounding oral rehydration centers around Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) studies in low-income countries where children suffer from more extensive gastrointestinal losses.  Theoretically, electrolyte maintenance solutions are recommended in order to prevent […]

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